Burma Partnership, Strengthening Cooperation for a Free Burma
Signup Now!
Join our mailing list for latest news and information about Burma.

UNFC Statement on Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement and In-Country Peace Building

By United Nationalities Federal Council  •  October 3, 2015

1. The root cause of the civil war that has been going on nearly 70 years in Burma/Myanmar is political, or a constitutional problem. The people made up of various ethnic nationalities have endeavored consistently to resolve that fundamental problem peacefully by political means. However, as the ruling classes in successive eras, have followed false policies, the longest civil war in the world has been going on up to this day.

2. The Ethnic Armed Resistance Organizations (EARO), as alliance of the United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC), had started to approach political dialogue with the effort of formulating framework for political dialogue. Accordingly, the EARO held talks with the Union Peace-making Work Committee (UPWC) officially 2 times and informally 2 times in Chiangmai, Thailand, in 2013.

3. For 17 months, the UNFC led Nationwide Ceasefire Coordination Team (NCCT) had held talks officially 7 and informally over 20 times with the UPWC in its effort to iron out the differences for a Single Text, from 2013 to 2015. The Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) has come to contain 7 chapters, comprising of 33 articles. In June 2015, The EARO formed the Senior Delegation (SD), laid down the final program and continued further effort for about 4 months.

4. As the government side did not accept the signing of NCA by all the EARO in contravention of the provision of Article 33 of the NCA, the 5 EARO top leaders and the SD members met with President U Thein Sein in Naypyidaw on September 9, and tried to find a way for inclusiveness. However, as the government did not accept the signing of NCA by all the EARO, no agreement was reached. Under that situation, the government, after closing further talks on the NCA and accepting the inclusiveness, only in principle, is seen trying to get the NCA signed by some of the organizations.

5. As the NCA is going to be signed by only some organizations, it cannot be a decisive and complete one, because according to the provisions of the NCA, only if all the stake holders participate in the various levels of political dialogue, including the formulation of political framework, the Code of Conduct for troops of the two sides, rules governing the ceasefire etc., the UNFC believes sincerely that a genuine and meaningful political dialogue can be attained and lasting and durable peace can be established.

6. Moreover, the UNFC sees that in the entire length of talks for the NCA, the occurrence of widespread and ceaseless offensives against the ethnic nationalities by the government armed forces has been the main stumbling block to achievement of nationwide ceasefire and peace in the country.

7. Due to the situations mentioned above, the people and the international community are urged to support and make effort concertedly for the emergence of genuine political dialogue and peace in the country. For the achievement of genuine peace and political dialogue, from the step of inclusive signing of the NCA, the UNFC on its part, will strive on, after finding pragmatic means and ways.

Central Executive Committee
United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC)

Contacts:
Nai Han Tha Vice Chairman (1) Ph: +66(0)80-503-0849 (Burmese)

Khu Oo Reh General Secretary Ph: +66(0)84-805-1344, +001 651 313 2908 (Burmese and English)

Download the statement in English and Burmese here.


 

၁။ ျမန္မာျပည္၏ ႏွစ္ေပါင္း(၇၀)နီးပါး ျဖစ္ပြားေနေသာျပည္တြင္းစစ္သည္ ႏုိင္ငံေရးအေျခခံ (သုိ႔တည္းမဟုတ္) ဖြဲ႔စည္းပုံအေျခခံဥပေဒ ျပႆနာအေၾကာင္းရင္းခံေၾကာင့္ ျဖစ္သည္။ ထုိအေျခခံျပႆနာကုိ ႏုိင္ငံေရးနည္းျဖင့္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းစြာ ေျဖရွင္းရန္ တုိင္းရင္းသားလူမ်ဳိးေပါင္းစုံမွ ေခတ္အဆက္ဆက္ႀကဳိးပမ္းခဲ့ၾကသည္။ သုိ႔ရာတြင္ ေခတ္အဆက္ဆက္အုပ္စုိးသူမ်ားအေနျဖင့္ သေဘာထား ေစတနာမမွန္ကန္၍ ယေန႔ထိတုိင္ ကမၻာ့အရွည္ၾကာဆုံး ေသာျပည္တြင္းစစ္မ်ား ဆက္လက္ျဖစ္ေပၚေနရသည္။

၂။ တုိင္းရင္းသားလက္နက္ကုိင္ေတာ္လွန္ေရးအဖြဲ႔အစည္းမ်ားမွ UNFC တပ္ေပါင္းစုအေနျဖင့္ ႏုိင္ငံေရးေဆြးေႏြးမႈ မူေဘာင္ ေရးဆြဲေရးႀကဳိးပမ္းမႈျဖင့္ စတင္ကာ ႏုိင္ငံေရးေဆြးေႏြးပြဲကုိ ခ်ဥ္းကပ္ခဲ့သည္။ ထုိ႔ေၾကာင့္ ၂၀၁၃ ခုႏွစ္တြင္ ဦးသိန္းစိန္အစုိးရ၏ ျပည္ေထာင္စုၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးေဖာ္ေဆာင္ေရး လုပ္ငန္းေကာ္မတီ(UPWC) ႏွင့္ တရား၀င္ ႏွစ္ႀကိမ္၊ အလြတ္သေဘာ ႏွစ္ႀကိမ္တုိင္တုိင္ ထုိင္းႏုိင္ငံ၊ ခ်င္းမုိင္ၿမဳိ႕၌ ေတြ႔ဆုံေဆြးေႏြးခဲ့ၾကသည္။

၃။ တစ္ႏုိင္ငံလုံးအပစ္အခတ္ရပ္စဲေရးသေဘာတူစာခ်ဳပ္ (NCA) သည္ ႏွစ္ဘက္၏ မတူညီေသာမူမ်ားကုိ တစ္မူတည္း Single Text အျဖစ္ NCCT အေနျဖင့္ UPWC ႏွင့္ ေစ့စပ္ညွိႏႈိင္းပြဲမ်ား တရား၀င္ (၇)ႀကိမ္၊ အလြတ္သေဘာအႀကိမ္ (၂၀)ေက်ာ္ ျပဳလုုပ္၍ ၂၀၁၃-၂၀၁၅ ခုႏွစ္ကာလအတြင္း (၁၇)လၾကာ ႀကဳိးပမ္းလုပ္ေဆာင္ခဲ့သည္။ NCA မူၾကမ္းတြင္ အခန္း(၇)ခန္းႏွင့္ ပုဒ္မေပါင္း (၃၃)ခုထိ ရွိလာခဲ့သည္။ ၂၀၁၅ ခုႏွစ္၊ ဇြန္လတြင္ အဆင့္ျမင့္ ညွိႏႈိင္းေရးကုုိယ္စားလွယ္အဖြဲ႔(SD)ကုိ စုဖြဲ႔၍လည္း အၿပီးသတ္လုပ္ငန္းစဥ္ခ်မွတ္ကာ (၄)လခန္႔ၾကာ ထပ္ဆင့္ ႀကဳိးပမ္းခဲ့သည္။

၄။ NCA တြင္ ပုဒ္မ(၃၃)ျဖစ္သည့္ တုိင္းရင္းသားလက္နက္ကုိင္ေတာ္လွန္ေရးအဖြဲ႔အစည္းမ်ားအားလုံး အတူတကြ ပါ၀င္လက္မွတ္ေရးထုိးေရးအား အစုိးရဘက္မွ လက္မခံသည့္အတြက္ ၂၀၁၅ ခုႏွစ္၊ စက္တင္ဘာလ(၉)ရက္ ေန႔တြင္ သမၼတဦးသိန္းစိန္ႏွင့္ တုိင္းရင္းသားလက္နက္ကုိင္ေတာ္လွန္ေရးအဖြဲ႔အစည္းမ်ား၏ ထိပ္သီးေခါင္းေဆာင္ ကုိယ္စားလွယ္(၅)ဦးအပါအ၀င္ အဆင့္ျမင့္ညွိႏႈိင္းေရး ကုိယ္စားလွယ္အဖြဲ႔၀င္မ်ားႏွင့္ ေနျပည္ေတာ္တြင္ ေတြ႔ဆုံေဆြးေႏြးညွိႏႈိင္း၍ အားလုံးပါ၀င္ေရးနည္းလမ္းကုိ ရွာေဖြခဲ့ၾကသည္။ သုိ႔ရာတြင္ အစုိးရအေနျဖင့္ NCA ၌ အားလုံးအတူတကြ ပါ၀င္လက္မွတ္ေရးထုိးေရးကုိ လက္မခံခဲ့ပဲ သေဘာတူညီမႈ မရရွိႏုိင္သည့္ အေနအထားသုိ႔ ေရာက္ရွိခဲ့သည္။ ထုိသုိ႔ေသာအေျခအေနေအာက္တြင္ အစုိးရအေနျဖင့္ NCA ေဆြးေႏြးေနမႈကုိ အဆုံးသတ္၍ အားလုံးပါ၀င္ေရးကုိ မူသေဘာအရသာ လက္ခံၿပီး၊
အဖြဲ႔အစည္းအခ်ဳိ႕ႏွင့္ လက္မွတ္ေရးထုိးသြားရန္ ႀကဳိးပမ္းေန သည္ကို ေတြ႔ရွိရသည္။

၅။ ယခုက်င္းပမည့္ တစ္ႏုိင္ငံလုံးအပစ္အခတ္ရပ္စဲေရးစာခ်ဳပ္ လက္မွတ္ေရးထုိးပြဲမွာ အဖြဲ႔အစည္းတခ်ဳိ႕သာ လက္မွတ္ေရးထုိးသည့္အတြက္ NCA မွာ ၿပီးျပည့္စုံသည့္အေနအထားတြင္ မရွိႏုိင္ေပ။ အဘယ္ေၾကာင့္ဆုိေသာ္ NCA စာခ်ဳပ္ပါသေဘာတူညီခ်က္မ်ားအရ ႏုိင္ငံေရးေဆြးေႏြးေရးမူေဘာင္ ေရးဆြဲျခင္း၊ ႏွစ္ဘက္တပ္မ်ား လုုိက္နာရမည့္ စစ္ဘက္ဆုုိင္ရာက်င့္၀တ္ ႏွင့္ အပစ္အခတ္ရပ္စဲေရးဆုိင္ရာစည္းမ်ဥ္းစည္းကမ္းမ်ားအပါအ၀င္ အဆင့္ဆင့္ေသာ ႏုိင္ငံေရးေဆြးေႏြးပြဲမ်ားတြင္ သက္ဆုိင္ရာအဖြဲ႔အစည္းမ်ားအားလုံးပါ၀င္မွသာ စစ္မွန္၍ အဓိပၸါယ္ ျပည့္၀ေသာ ႏုိင္ငံေရးေဆြးေႏြးပြဲသုိ႔ တက္လွမ္းႏုိင္မည္ျဖစ္ၿပီး၊ ေရရွည္တည္တ့ံခုိင္ၿမဲေသာ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးကုိ တည္ေဆာက္ႏုိင္မည္ဟု အေလးအနက္ ယုံၾကည္သည္။

၆။ ထုိ႔အျပင္ NCA ေစ့စပ္ညွိႏႈိင္းေရးျဖစ္စဥ္တေလွ်ာက္ အစုိးရတပ္မေတာ္ဘက္မွ တုိင္းရင္းသားေဒသမ်ားအား ထုိးစစ္ဆင္မႈမ်ား က်ယ္က်ယ္ျပန္႔ျပန္႔ႏွင့္ စဥ္ဆက္မျပတ္ ျဖစ္ေပၚေနျခင္းမွာ လက္ရွိတစ္ႏုိင္ငံလုံး အပစ္အခတ္ ရပ္စဲေရးႏွင့္ ျပည္တြင္းၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးအား အဓိကအဟန္႔အတား ျဖစ္ေနသည္ကုိ ေတြ႔ရွိရသည္။

၇။ အထက္ပါအေျခအေနမ်ားအရ ျပည္တြင္းၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးႏွင့္ စစ္မွန္ေသာႏုိင္ငံေရးေဆြးေႏြးပြဲမ်ား ေပၚေပါက္လာေစရန္ လူထုႏွင့္ႏုိင္ငံတကာအသုိင္းအ၀ုိင္းတုိ႔မွ ၀ုိင္း၀န္းအားျဖည့္ႀကဳိးပမ္းၾကရန္ တုိက္တြန္းအပ္ပါသည္။ UNFC တပ္ေပါင္းစုအေနျဖင့္လည္း အဖြဲ႔အစည္းအားလုံးပါ၀င္လက္မွတ္ေရးထုိးေရးမွတဆင့္ စစ္မွန္ေသာျပည္တြင္း ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးႏွင့္ ႏုိင္ငံေရးေဆြးေႏြးပြဲမ်ားသုိ႔ တက္လွမ္းႏုိင္ရန္ လက္ေတြ႔က်ေသာနည္းလမ္းမ်ားကုိ ရွာေဖြ၍ ဆက္လက္ႀကဳိးပမ္းသြားမည္ ျဖစ္သည္။

ဗဟုိအလုပ္အမႈေဆာင္ေကာ္မတီ
ညီညြတ္ေသာတုိင္းရင္းသားလူမ်ဳိးမ်ားဖက္ဒရယ္ေကာင္စီ (UNFC)


ဆက္သြယ္ရန္

ႏုိင္ဟံသာ – ဒုတိယဥကၠ႒(၁) ဖုန္း – +66(0)80-503-0849
ခူဦးရယ္ – အေထြေထြအတြင္းေရးမွဴး ဖုန္း – +66(0)84-805-1344 +001 651 313 2908

သေဘာထားေၾကညာခ်က္ ျမန္မာဘာသာကို ဤေနရာတြင္ ေဒါင္းလုပ္ရယူႏိုင္ပါသည္။

Tags: , , , , ,

This post is in: Press Release

Related Posts
Armed Forces and Democratization in Myanmar: Why the U.S. Military Should Engage the Tatmadaw
Burma: Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2015
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar
Atrocities Prevention Report: Targeting of and Attacks on Members of Religious Groups in Burma
The 2015 Elections and Beyond: Perspectives from villagers in rural southeast Burma/Myanmar